One need not look far to find violence in the lives of children.A child’s first experience of human interaction typically occurs at home, in a positive, nurturing and loving context. However, home is also the place where a child’s first exposure to violence is likely to occur.

Worldwide, 3 in 4 young children are regularly subjected to violent discipline by their caregivers

Percentage of children aged 2 to 4 years who experienced any violent discipline in the past month, by type

Notes: These estimates are based on a subset of 94 countries with data covering 55 per cent of the global population of children aged 2 to 4 years. In order to ensure sufficient population coverage, data from multiple sources were combined and in some cases there were differences across countries included in these estimates in terms of the age group covered or the definitions employed. When possible, underlying country data were adjusted to align with standard definitions.

Source: UNICEF global databases, 2017, based on DHS, MICS and other nationally representative surveys, 2005–2016.

In Afghanistan, more than half of children under age 5 live with a mother who is a victim of intimate partner violence

Percentage of children aged 0 to 4 years living with a mother who experienced any physical, sexual or emotional violence committed by a husband or partner during the past 12 months

Notes: Data refer only to children of women who have ever been married or lived with a partner. Data for Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Côte d’Ivoire, Ghana, India, Liberia, Peru, the Republic of Moldova, Timor-Leste, the United Republic of Tanzania and Ukraine do not include children of women who are widowed.

Data for Pakistan refer only to children whose mother experienced any physical or emotional intimate partner violence in the past 12 months.

Source: UNICEF global databases, 2017, based on DHS, 2005–2016.